Mujahedin-E Khalq


Mujahedin-E Khalq
(MEK)
   The Peoples Holy Warriors is an Iranian Islamic leftist opposition group first established in 1965 to violently replace the shah (Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlavi) and now exists to oppose the Islamic Republic in Iran. It is supposedly led by the husband and wife team of Massoud and Maryam Rajavi. Massoud's whereabouts are unknown, while his wife lives in France. For many years the MEK has been established in Iraq, where it was used by Saddam Hussein as a tool to oppose Iran. It still exists with some 3,500 members at Camp Ashraf some 100 kilometers north of Baghdad and west of Iran. It has become somewhat of a problematic embarrassment as it is officially classified by the State Department as a terrorist group but is still partially supported by the United States as a tool to be used against Iran. The U.S. relationship with the MEK illustrates how the United States sometimes uses its official designation of terrorism in a convenient but hypocritical manner. The Kurds and Shiite Arabs have long reviled the MEK because Saddam Hussein used it to help put down their uprisings after the Gulf War in 1991.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • Mujahedin-e Khalq — Organisation des moudjahiddines du peuple iranien Drapeau des Moudjahiddines du peuple iranien. L Organisation des Moudjahiddines du peuple iranien (OMPI), connue aussi sous l appellation Mujaheddin e Khalq (MeK), est un mouvement de résistance… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • mujahedin — noun a military force of Muslim guerilla warriors engaged in a jihad some call the mujahidin international warriors but others just call them terrorists • Syn: ↑mujahidin, ↑mujahedeen, ↑mujahadeen, ↑mujahadin, ↑mujahideen, ↑mujahadein …   Useful english dictionary

  • People's Mujahedin of Iran — People s Mojahedin Organization of Iran سازمان مجاهدين خلق ايران Leader Zohreh Akhyani [1] …   Wikipedia

  • Mujahedeen Khalq — noun Iranian guerillas based in Iraq • Hypernyms: ↑mujahidin, ↑mujahedin, ↑mujahedeen, ↑mujahadeen, ↑mujahadin, ↑mujahideen, ↑mujahadein …   Useful english dictionary

  • Terrorism in Iran — Numerous civilians, including women, children, government officials, activists, secular intellectuals and clerics have been victims of terrorism, or violence against civilians, over the course of modern Iranian history. [ [http://www.iran… …   Wikipedia

  • Guerrilla groups of Iran — Guerrilla groups were particularly notable and active in Iran from 1971 to 1977 when they fought the government of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The groups shared a commitment to armed struggle to overthrow the pro Western Pahlavi regime, but differed… …   Wikipedia

  • Iran — /i ran , i rahn , uy ran /, n. a republic in SW Asia. 67,540,002; ab. 635,000 sq. mi. (1,644,650 sq. km). Cap.: Teheran. Formerly (until 1935), Persia. * * * Iran Introduction Iran Background: Known as Persia until 1935, Iran became an Islamic… …   Universalium

  • Maryam Rajavi — President elect of National Council of Resistance Incumbent Assumed office 28 August 1993 Pre …   Wikipedia

  • Camp Ashraf — or Ashraf City is situated northeast of the Iraqi town of Khalis, about 120 kilometers west of the Iranian border and 60 kilometers north of Baghdad. The city of Ashraf was named in commemoration of Ashraf Rajavi, a famous political prisoner at… …   Wikipedia

  • John R. Bolton — 25th United States Ambassador to the United Nations In office August 1, 2005 – December 9, 2006 President George W. Bush Preceded by …   Wikipedia


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